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¿Cómo se mide la presión arterial?

Medir correctamente la presión arterialMedir correctamente la presión arterial

Medición correcta de la presión arterial.

  • Coloque el brazo contrario (izquierdo si es diestro y viceversa) a la altura del corazón, apoyándolo en una mesa o el brazo del sillón.
  • Ponga el manguito alrededor del brazo desnudo, entre el hombro y el codo.
  • Identifique y palpe el latido del pulso braquial producido por la arteria del brazo (se localiza a dos centímetros por encima del pliegue del codo, en la cara interna del brazo).
  • Sobre este latido, apoye la campana del estetoscopio.
  • Identifique y palpe el latido del pulso radial (pulso localizado a la altura de la muñeca cercano al borde correspondiente al dedo pulgar) en el mismo brazo que realizará la medición.
  • Bombee la pera con rapidez hasta que la presión alcance 30 mm Hg más de la máxima esperada o bien lo que es mas certero, 30 mm Hg por encima del momento en que desapareció el pulso radial que estábamos palpando (esto ocurre porque al comprimirse el brazo, se comprime la arteria  y desaparece el pulso.
  • Desinfle el manguito lentamente observando la escala del tensiómetro, haciendo que la presión disminuya 2 a 3 mm Hg por segundo.
  • En el momento que escuche (ausculte) el primer latido, deberá observar el nivel que registra la aguja (o el menisco en el caso del tensiómetro de mercurio). Ese valor registrado  corresponderá a la Presión Arterial Máxima (o Sistólica) cuyo valor no deberá ser mayor a 139 mm de Mercurio (mmHg).
  • A partir de ese momento seguiremos desinflando el manguito e iremos escuchando los latidos que primero crecen en intensidad y luego decrecen.
  • En el determinado momento en que dejamos de oír los latidos, realizaremos una nueva lectura sobre la escala del tensiómetro y en ese momento estableceremos la Presión Arterial Mínima, la que no deberá superar los 89 mmHg.

Referencias:

Referencia

Gracias al Dr. Gerardo Martinez Ortega (cardiólogo) por mostrar en su video la forma correcta de tomar la presión arterial.

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